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Nutritional Problems Quiz

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1. When teaching the older adult about nutritional needs during aging, what does the
nurse emphasize?

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2. Patient-Centered Care: When planning nutritional interventions for a healthy, 83-yearold widowed man, the nurse recognizes what factor is most likely to affect his
nutritional status?

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3. The nurse monitors the laboratory results of the patient with protein-calorie
malnutrition during treatment. Which result indicates an improvement in the patient’s
condition?

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4. When considering enteral nutrition (EN) for a patient with severe protein-calorie
malnutrition, what is an advantage of a gastrostomy tube versus a nasogastric (NG)
tube?

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5. Which statement accurately describes vitamin deficiencies?

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6. Patient-Centered Care: An 18-year-old female patient with anorexia nervosa is admitted to the hospital for treatment. On admission, she weighs 82 lb (37 kg) and is 5 ft 3 in (134.6 cm). Her laboratory test results include the following: K+ 2.8 mEq/L (2.8 mmol/L), hemoglobin (Hgb) 8.9 g/dL (89 g/L), and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) 64 mg/dL (22.8 mmol/L). In planning care for the patient, the nurse gives the highest priority to which of the following nursing diagnoses?

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7. To evaluate the long-term effect of nutritional interventions for a patient with protein-
calorie malnutrition, what is the best indicator for the nurse to use?

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8. What is the most common cause of chronic disease-related or secondary protein-calorie
malnutrition in the United States?

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9. A patient with which problem has the highest risk for poor nutritional balance related
to decreased ingestion?

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10. During assessment of the patient with protein-calorie malnutrition, what should the
nurse expect to find (select all that apply)?

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11. Priority Decision: The nurse is caring for a patient receiving 1000 mL of parenteral
nutrition solution over 24 hours. When it is time to change the solution, 150 mL
remain in the bottle. What is the most appropriate action by the nurse?

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12. What is an indication for parenteral nutrition that is not an appropriate indication for
enteral tube feedings?

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13. What may occur with failure of the sodium-potassium pump during severe protein
depletion?

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14. What contributes to increased protein-calorie needs?

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15. The nurse determines patient teaching about a high-calorie, high-protein diet has been
effective when the patient selects which breakfast option from the hospital menu?

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