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Management of patients with urinary problems quiz 1

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1. A fall in CO2- combining power and blood pH indicates what state accompanying renal function?

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2. Acute glomerulonephritis refers to a group of kidney diseases in which there is:

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3.    The nurse notes that a patient who is retaining fluid had a 1-kg weight gain. The nurse knows that this is equivalent to about:

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4. In chronic renal failure (end-stage renal disease), decreased glomerular filtration leads to

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5.    Laboratory findings consistent with acute glomerulonephritis include all of the following except:

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6.       Hyperkalemia is a serious electrolyte imbalance that occurs in ARF and results from:

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7. In most cases, the major stimulus to acute glomerulonephritis is

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8. An incomplete protein not recommended for the diet of a patient managed by long-term hemodialysis is that found in:

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9.      Acute renal failure (ARF) caused by parenchymal damage to the glomeruli or kidney tubules results in all of the following except:

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10. A patient is admitted with electrolyte imbalance. He has carpopedal spasm, ECG changes, and a positive Chvostek’s sign. The nurse suspects a deficit of:

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11. . The leading cause of end-stage renal disease is:

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12.   Decreased levels of erythropoietin, a substance normally secreted by the kidneys, leads to which serious complication of chronic renal failure?

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13.     Recent research about the long-term toxicity of aluminum products has led physicians to recommend antacids that lower serum phosphorus, such as:

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14. A patient with ARF and negative nitrogen balance is expected to lose about:

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15. Dietary intervention for renal deterioration includes limiting the intake of:

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16. Potassium intake can be restricted by eliminating high-potassium foods such as:

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17. With peritoneal dialysis, urea and creatinine pass through the peritoneum by:

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18. The most accurate indicator of fluid loss or gain in an acutely ill patient is:

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19. A patient with stage 3, chronic renal failure would be expected to have:

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20. Oliguria is a clinical sign of ARF that refers to a daily urine output of:

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