Management of Patients with Renal Disorders Quiz

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Management of Patients with Renal Disorders Quiz

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1. Decreased levels of erythropoietin, a substance normally secreted by the kidneys, leads to which serious complication of chronic renal failure?

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2. Hyperkalemia is a serious electrolyte imbalance that occurs in ARF and results from:

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3. In chronic renal failure (end-stage renal disease), decreased glomerular filtration leads to:

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4. Chronic glomerulonephritis is manifested by:

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5. An incomplete protein not recommended for the diet of a patient managed by long-term hemodialysis is that found in:

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6. A fall in CO2-combining power and blood pH indicates what state accompanying renal function?

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7. With peritoneal dialysis, urea and creatinine pass through the peritoneum by:

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8. The nurse notes that a patient who is retaining fluid had a 1-kg weight gain. The nurse knows that this is equivalent to about:

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9. The major danger after renal surgery is:

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10. Acute glomerulonephritis refers to a group of kidney diseases in which there is:

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11. Postoperative management for a recipient of a transplanted kidney includes:

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12. The major manifestation of nephrotic syndrome is:

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13. At the end of five peritoneal exchanges, the patient’s fluid loss was 500 mL. This loss is equal to approximately:

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14. A patient is admitted with electrolyte imbalance. He has carpopedal spasm, ECG changes, and a positive Chvostek’s sign. The nurse suspects a deficit of:

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15. Laboratory findings consistent with acute glomerulonephritis include all of the following except:

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16. A patient with ARF and negative nitrogen balance is expected to lose about:

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17. The leading cause of end-stage renal disease is:

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18. A clinical diagnosis of nephrotic syndrome is consistent with an exceedingly high level of:

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19. The most accurate indicator of fluid loss or gain in an acutely ill patient is:

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20. Oliguria is a clinical sign of ARF that refers to a daily urine output of:

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21. Recent research about the long-term toxicity of aluminum products has led physicians to recommend antacids that lower serum phosphorus, such as:

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22. Preoperative management for a patient who is to undergo kidney transportation includes:

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23. Acute renal failure (ARF) caused by parenchymal damage to the glomeruli or kidney tubules results in all of the following except:

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24. Dietary intervention for renal deterioration includes limiting the intake of:

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25. Potassium intake can be restricted by eliminating high-potassium foods such as:

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26. The process that underlies and supports the procedure of hemodialysis is:

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27. In most cases, the major stimulus to acute glomerulonephritis is:

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28. A patient with stage 3, chronic renal failure would be expected to have:

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