Management of patients with neurologic trauma quiz

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Management of patients with neurologic trauma

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1. Respiratory difficulty and paralysis of all four extremities occur with spinal cord injury:

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2. The primary cause (35%) of spinal cord injuries is:

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3. A cerebral hemorrhage located within the brain is classified as:

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4. More than 50% of new victims of spinal cord injury are:

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5. A common cause of increased ICP is cerebral edema and swelling that peaks how long after the injury?

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6. An indicator of elevated body temperature in a head-injured patient is:

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7. High doses of which drug have been found to reduce swelling and disability if given within 8 hours of injury even though its use is controversial?

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8. Posttraumatic seizures that are classified as late occur how long after the injury?

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9. A common complication of immobility in a spinal cord injury is:

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10. All of the following statements about the occurrence of head injuries are correct except:

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11. Comatose patients are mechanically ventilated to control ICP. Hypocapnia is a goal that can be achieved with a PaCO2 in the range of:

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12. In the United States, the number of new spinal cord injuries each year is estimated to be about:

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13. To prevent decreased cerebral perfusion pressure after brain injury, the nurse knows that cerebral perfusion pressure must be at a minimum reading of:

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14. Assessing the level of consciousness is an important nursing measure postinjury. Signs of increasing intracranial pressure (ICP) include:

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15. The Glasgow Coma Scale is used to determine the level of consciousness. A score considered indicative of a coma is:

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16. Spinal cord injury can be classified according to the area of spinal cord damage. Motor deficits in the upper rather than the lower extremities, usually caused by edema in the cervical area, are classified as:

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17. Orthostatic hypotension is a common problem for spinal cord injuries at the level of:

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18. Loss of autonomic nervous system function below the level of the lesion causes what kind of shock?

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19. Recovery of vital organ functions resulting from spinal shock can take up to:

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