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Management of patients with HIV infection and AIDS quiz 1

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1. You are orienting a new graduate RN to the medical unit. Which point would you be sure to include when teaching this nurse to prevent HIV transmission from patients?

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2. One of the most frequent systemic side effects of anti-HIV drugs is___

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3. After infection with HIV, the immune system responds by making antibodies against the virus, usually within how many weeks after infection?

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4. The health care provider prescribed an integrase inhibitor drug for the patient with HIV. The patient asks the nurse how this drug works. What is the nurse’s best response?

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5. The most common malignancy seen with HIV infection is___

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6. A patient is an IV drug user who regularly shares needles and syringes with friends. What information does the nurse provide to decrease the patient’s risk of HIV through shared needles and syringes after each use?

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7. The HIV-positive patient tells the nurse that his HIV-negative partner will be using the preexposure drug emtricitabine (Truvada)._x000D_Which statement indicates to the nurse the need for additional teaching about this drug?

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8. What is the most important means of preventing HIV spread or transmission?

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9. The following opportunistic infections can be observed in AIDS EXCEPT?

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10. A nurse would know that all of the following conditions are classified as HIV category B except for___

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11. The most common infection in persons with AIDS (80% occurrence) is___

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12. An example of an antiretroviral agent, classified as a fusion inhibitor, that must be injected subcutaneously twice a day is___

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13. Up to 85% of individuals infected with HIV will develop symptoms of AIDS within how many years after infection?

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14. Highly activated antiretroviral therapy (HAART) causes what effect?

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15. Which is the most common route for health care providers to contract the HIV virus? Exposure to HIV-positive___

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16. A diagnosis of “wasting syndrome” can be initially made when involuntary weight loss exceeds what percentage of baseline body weight?

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17. Which statement regarding HIV/AIDS among older adults are true?

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18. The minimum number of daily calories recommended for a 70-kg individual with AIDS-related “wasting syndrome” is___

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19. The most debilitating gastrointestinal condition found in up to 90% of all AIDS patients is___

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20. A nurse knows that all of the following antiretroviral agents can be taken without regard to food intake except for___

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