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Hypertension Quiz

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1. The patient asks the nurse about valsartan (Diovan), the new The patient asks the nurse about valsartan (Diovan), the new medication prescribed for blood pressure. What is the best explanation the nurse can use to explain the action of this medication?

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2. A patient diagnosed with secondary hypertension asks why it is called secondary and not primary. What is the best explanation for the nurse to
provide?

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3. What early manifestation(s) is the patient with primary hypertension likely to report?

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4. A 78-year-old patient is admitted with a BP of 180/98 mm Hg. Which age-related physical changes may contribute to this patient’s hypertension
(select all that apply)?

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5. Which drugs are most commonly used to treat hypertensive crises?

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6. Dietary teaching that includes eating dietary sources of potassium is indicated for the hypertensive patient taking which drug?

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7. What should the nurse emphasize when teaching a patient who is newly prescribed clonidine (Catapres)?

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8. The unit is very busy and short staffed. What could the RN delegate to the unlicensed assistive personnel (UAP)?

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9. What is the primary BP effect of β-adrenergic blockers, such as atenolol (Tenormin)?

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10. What causes most organ damage in hypertension?

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11. What is included in the correct technique for BP measurements?

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12. A patient with stage 2 hypertension who is taking chlorothiazide (Diuril) and lisinopril (Zestril) has prazosin (Minipress) added to the medication regimen. What is most important for the nurse to teach the patient to do?

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13. The patient who is being admitted has had a history of uncontrolled hypertension. High SVR is most likely to cause damage to which organ?

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14. Which manifestation is an indication that a patient is having hypertensive emergency?

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15. What does the nursing responsibility in the management of the patient with hypertensive urgency include?

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16. A patient has a BP of 222/148 mm Hg and confusion, nausea, and vomiting. Which goal should the nurse try to achieve by titrating medications?

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17. A 38-year-old man is treated for hypertension with triamterene and hydrochlorothiazide and metoprolol (Lopressor). Four months after his
last clinic visit, his BP returns to pre-treatment levels, and he admits he has not been taking his medication regularly. What is the nurse’s best
response to this patient?

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18. What are nonmodifiable risk factors for primary hypertension (select all that apply)?

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