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Assessment of kidney/urinary system quiz 1

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1. . Oliguria is said to be present when urinary output is:

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2. Vitamin D is converted to its active form in the kidney. If this function fails, which electrolyte imbalance will occur?

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3. . Nursing responsibilities after renal angiography include:

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4.   The normal quantity of water ingested and excreted in the urine is approximately:

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5. What is the average urine output of a healthy adult for a 24-hour period?

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6. Based on the nurse’s knowledge of the normal function of the kidney, which large particles are not found in the urine because they are too large to filter through the glomerular capillary walls? (Select all that apply.)

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7. Which renal change associated with aging does the nurse expect an older adult patient to report?

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8. Which personal action is most likely to cause the kidneys to produce and release erythropoietin?

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9. Which hormone is released from the posterior pituitary and makes the distal convoluted tubule and the collecting duct permeable to water to maximize reabsorption and produce concentrated urine?

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10. Nursing management after a renal brush biopsy includes:

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11.   An abnormal constituent of urine is:

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12. The nurse is talking to a group of older women about changes in the urinary system related to aging. What symptom is likely to be the common concern for this group?

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13. A major sensitive indicator of kidney disease is the

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14. The nurse is caring for a patient who sustained major injuries in an automobile accident. Which blood pressure will result in compromised kidney function, in particular the glomerular filtration rate (GFR)?

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15. The nurse should inform a patient that preparation for intravenous urography includes:

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16. Increased blood osmolality will result in:

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17. Significant nursing assessment data relevant to renal function should include information about:

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18. Mastering voluntary micturition is a normal developmental task for which person?

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19. Which hematologic disorder is most likely to occur if the hormonal function of the kidneys is not working properly?

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20.   A 24-hour urine collection is scheduled to begin at 8:00 AM. The nurse should begin the procedure:

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21. The normal amount of sodium ingested and excreted in the urine is approximately

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22. A cystoscope allows visualization of the:

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23. Which event is most likely to trigger renin production?

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24. Which patient is most likely to exceed the renal threshold if there is noncompliance with the prescribed therapeutic regimen?

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25. A patient has sustained a minor kidney injury. Which structure must remain functional in order to form urine from blood?

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