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Urinary system quiz

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1. An adrenal tumor that causes excess aldosterone secretion would tend to _____ plasma K+ concentration, _____ plasma pH, _____ renin secretion, and _____ blood pressure.

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2. Which of the following is NOT produced by the kidneys?

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3. Juvenile (type 1) diabetes mellitus is often diagnosed because of polyuria (high urine flow) and polydipsia (frequent drinking) that occur because of which of the following?

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4. How are cortical nephrons different from juxtamedullary nephrons?

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5. Four sections of the vasculature of the kidney tubule are listed below. Which one lists them in the correct order of blood flow from left to right?

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6. Which substance is actively reabsorbed from the filtrate in the kidney tubule?

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7. What is the name for the entry point to the kidney for nerves, blood vessels, ureters and lymphatics?

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8. Increased blood osmolality will result in?

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9. Which of the following would likely lead to hyponatremia?

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10. What structure does the blood from the afferent arteriole enter?

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11. Which change would you expect to find in a dehydrated person deprived of water for 24 hours?

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12. What is the kidney tubule’s response to a rise in blood pH?

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13. Where are all of the glomeruli of the kidney located?

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14. An abnormal constituent of urine is___

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15. Which material is secreted into the filtrate in the kidney tubule?

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16. The glomeruli are located in the______ of the kidney.

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17. Which part of the renal tubule is impermeable to water?

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18. Solutes move from the blood in the glomerular capillaries into the Bowman’s capsule due to which of the following influences?

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19. What molecule catalyses the formation of angiotensin I?

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20. Which part of the nephron is impermeable to water?

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21. Which statement about kidney anatomy is correct?

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22. How does the composition of the filtrate change as it travels through the loop of Henle?

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23. In the glomerulus, what is the method by which solutes are transferred from the blood to the Bowman’s capsule?

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24. How does the juxtaglomerular apparatus respond when systemic blood pressure is too high?

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25. The normal quantity of water ingested and excreted in the urine is approximately___

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