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Urinary system quiz

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1. Solutes move from the blood in the glomerular capillaries into the Bowman’s capsule due to which of the following influences?

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2. The glomeruli are located in the______ of the kidney.

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3. In the glomerulus, what is the method by which solutes are transferred from the blood to the Bowman’s capsule?

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4. Which substance is actively reabsorbed from the filtrate in the kidney tubule?

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5. A 22-year-old woman runs a 10-kilometer race on a hot day and becomes dehydrated. Assuming that her ADH levels are very high and that her kidneys are functioning normally, in which part of the renal tubule is the most water reabsorbed?

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6. How are cortical nephrons different from juxtamedullary nephrons?

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7. Which change would you expect to find in a dehydrated person deprived of water for 24 hours?

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8. Which part of the renal tubule is impermeable to water?

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9. An abnormal constituent of urine is___

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10. Which of the following is NOT produced by the kidneys?

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11. Four sections of the vasculature of the kidney tubule are listed below. Which one lists them in the correct order of blood flow from left to right?

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12. Which statement about kidney anatomy is correct?

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13. Juvenile (type 1) diabetes mellitus is often diagnosed because of polyuria (high urine flow) and polydipsia (frequent drinking) that occur because of which of the following?

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14. An adrenal tumor that causes excess aldosterone secretion would tend to _____ plasma K+ concentration, _____ plasma pH, _____ renin secretion, and _____ blood pressure.

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15. Which part of the nephron is impermeable to water?

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16. The normal quantity of water ingested and excreted in the urine is approximately___

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17. What is the kidney tubule’s response to a rise in blood pH?

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18. What is the body’s response to a rise in blood plasma osmotic pressure?

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19. Increased blood osmolality will result in?

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20. What molecule catalyses the formation of angiotensin I?

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21. How does the juxtaglomerular apparatus respond when systemic blood pressure is too high?

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22. What is the name of the tube that connects the bladder to the kidney?

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23. What is the name for the entry point to the kidney for nerves, blood vessels, ureters and lymphatics?

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24. Where are all of the glomeruli of the kidney located?

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25. How does the composition of the filtrate change as it travels through the loop of Henle?

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