Management of Patients with Chest and Lower Respiratory Tract Disorders Quiz

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Management of Patients with Chest and Lower Respiratory Tract Disorders Quiz

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1. More than 80% of all lung cancers are primarily caused by:

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2. For the tubercle bacillus to multiply and initiate a tissue reaction in the lungs, it must be deposited in:

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3. As a cause of death among men and women in the United States, lung cancer ranks:

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4. In the United States, the most common causes of death from infectious diseases are influenza and:

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5. The pathophysiology of ARF is directly related to:

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6. A nurse knows to assess a patient with pulmonary arterial hypertension for the primary symptom of:

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7. Diagnostic confirmation of a lung abscess is made by:

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8. A pleural effusion results when fluid accumulation in the pleural space is greater than:

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9. A 70 kg, 60-year-old woman is being treated for ARDS. The nurse knows that the minimum daily caloric requirement to meet normal requirements is:

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10. Nursing measures to assist in the prevention of pulmonary embolism in a hospitalized patient include all of the following except:

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11. The nurse is aware that the most common surgical procedure for a small, apparently curable tumor of the lung is a:

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12. The nurse assesses a patient for a possible pulmonary embolism. The nurse looks for the most frequent sign of:

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13. Clinical manifestations directly related to cor pulmonale include all of the following except:

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14. An initial characteristic symptom of a simple pneumothorax is:

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15. Neuromuscular blockers are given to patients who are on ventilators in ARF to accomplish all of the following except:

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16. Paradoxical chest movement is associated with which chest disorder?

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17. Anticoagulant therapy with heparin is administered in an attempt to maintain the International Normalized Ratio (INR) in a therapeutic range of:

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18. Prophylactic isoniazid (INH) drug treatment is necessary for about how many months?

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19. The most frequent symptom of lung cancer is:

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20. The most prevalent lung carcinoma that is peripherally located and frequently metastasizes is:

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21. A key characteristic feature of adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is:

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22. It is estimated that Mycobacterium tuberculosis infects about what percentage of the world’s population?

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23. Characteristics of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis include all of the following except:

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24. Acute respiratory failure (ARF) occurs when oxygen tension (PaO2) falls to less than _____ mm Hg (hypoxemia) and carbon dioxide tension (PaCO2) rises to greater than ______ mm Hg (hypercapnia).

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25. Auscultation can be used to diagnose the presence of pulmonary edema when the following adventitious breath sounds are present:

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26. A Mantoux skin test is considered not significant if the size of the induration is:

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27. The nurse knows that a sputum culture is necessary to identify the causative organism for acute tracheobronchitis. If the culture identifies a fungal agent, the nurse knows it would most likely be:

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28. Streptococcus pneumoniae is the most common organism responsible for which of the following types of pneumonia?

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29. The most diagnostic clinical symptom of pleurisy is:

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30. To assess for a positive Homans’ sign, the nurse should:

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31. Nursing management for a person diagnosed as having acute tracheobronchitis includes:

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