Assessment of Renal and Urinary Tract Function Quiz

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Assessment of Renal and Urinary Tract Function Quiz

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1. Increased blood osmolality will result in:

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2. Vitamin D is converted to its active form in the kidney. If this function fails, which electrolyte imbalance will occur?

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3. Which personal action is most likely to cause the kidneys to produce and release erythropoietin?

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4. In which circumstance is the regulatory role of aldosterone most important in order for the person to maintain homeostasis?

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5. Which hormone is released from the posterior pituitary and makes the distal convoluted tubule and the collecting duct permeable to water to maximize reabsorption and produce concentrated urine?

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6. An older adult male patient has a history of an enlarged prostate. The patient is most likely to report which symptom associated with this condition?

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7. A patient has sustained a minor kidney injury. Which structure must remain functional in order to form urine from blood?

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8. The nurse should inform a patient that preparation for intravenous urography includes:

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9. . Oliguria is said to be present when urinary output is:

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10. . Nursing responsibilities after renal angiography include:

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11.   A 24-hour urine collection is scheduled to begin at 8:00 AM. The nurse should begin the procedure:

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12.   The normal quantity of water ingested and excreted in the urine is approximately:

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13. Which patient is most likely to exceed the renal threshold if there is noncompliance with the prescribed therapeutic regimen?

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14. An elderly patient has been in bed for several days after a fall. The nurse encourages ambulation to stimulate the movement of urine through the ureter by what phenomenon?

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15. Significant nursing assessment data relevant to renal function should include information about:

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16. What is the average urine output of a healthy adult for a 24-hour period?

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17. The nurse is talking to a group of older women about changes in the urinary system related to aging. What symptom is likely to be the common concern for this group?

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18. Based on the nurse’s knowledge of the normal function of the kidney, which large particles are not found in the urine because they are too large to filter through the glomerular capillary walls? (Select all that apply.)

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19. Impairment in the thirst mechanism associated with aging makes an older adult patient more vulnerable to which disorder?

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20. A cystoscope allows visualization of the:

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21.   An abnormal constituent of urine is:

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22. Mastering voluntary micturition is a normal developmental task for which person?

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23. Which renal change associated with aging does the nurse expect an older adult patient to report?

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24. Nursing management after a renal brush biopsy includes:

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25. A major manifestation of uremia is:

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26. The nurse is caring for a patient who sustained major injuries in an automobile accident. Which blood pressure will result in compromised kidney function, in particular the glomerular filtration rate (GFR)?

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27. Damage to which renal structure or tissues can change the actual production of urine?

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28. Which hematologic disorder is most likely to occur if the hormonal function of the kidneys is not working properly?

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29. The normal amount of sodium ingested and excreted in the urine is approximately

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30. Which event is most likely to trigger renin production?

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31. A major sensitive indicator of kidney disease is the

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