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Assessment: Gastrointestinal System Quiz

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1. Checking for the return of the gag reflex and monitoring for LUQ pain, nausea, and
vomiting are necessary nursing actions after which diagnostic procedure?

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2. . A patient is admitted to the hospital with left upper quadrant (LUQ) pain. What organ
may be the source of the pain?

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3. . How will an obstruction at the ampulla of Vater affect the digestion of all nutrients?

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4. A patient receives atropine, an anticholinergic drug, in preparation for surgery. The nurse expects this drug to affect the gastrointestinal (GI) tract by which action?

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5. What characterizes auscultation of the abdomen?

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6. Which nursing actions are indicated for a liver biopsy (select all that apply)?

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7. What is a normal finding on physical examination of the abdomen?

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8. What problem should the nurse assess the patient for if the patient was on prolonged
antibiotic therapy?

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9. After eating, a patient with an inflamed gallbladder has pain caused by contraction of
the gallbladder. What is the mechanism responsible for this action?

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10. Priority Decision: Following auscultation of the abdomen, what should the nurse’s
next action be?

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11. What is a normal finding during physical assessment of the mouth?

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12. Which digestive substances are active or activated in the stomach (select all that apply)?

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13. A 68-year-old patient is in the office for a physical. She notes that she no longer has
regular bowel movements. Which suggestion by the nurse would be most helpful to
the patient?

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14. A patient’s serum liver enzyme tests reveal an elevated aspartate aminotransferase
(AST). The nurse recognizes what about the elevated AST?

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15. Priority Decision: When caring for a patient who has had most of the stomach
surgically removed, what is important for the nurse to teach the patient?

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16. What is a manifestation of age-related changes in the GI system that the nurse may
find in an older patient?

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