Assessment and Management of Patients with Hepatic Disorders Quiz

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Assessment and Management of Patients with Hepatic Disorders Quiz

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1. The majority of blood supply to the liver, which is rich in nutrients from the gastrointestinal tract, comes from the:

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2. The chemical most commonly implicated in toxic hepatitis is:

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3. Immune serum globulin provides passive immunity against type A hepatitis in those not vaccinated if it is administered within 2 weeks of exposure. Immunity is effective for about:

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4. Choose the correct statement about hepatitis B vaccine.

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5. The liver synthesizes prothrombin only if there is enough:

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6. The major causative factor in the etiology of cirrhosis is:

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7. Indications for postexposure vaccination with hepatitis B immune globulin include:

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8. Negative sodium balance is important for a patient with ascites. An example of food permitted on a low-sodium diet is:

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9. The most common cause of parenchymal cell damage and hepatocellular dysfunction is:

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10. Signs of advanced liver disease include:

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11. The initial model of therapy to treat variceal hemorrhage that decreases portal pressure and produces constriction is:

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12. The mortality rate from the first bleeding episode for esophageal varices is about:

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13. Fulminant hepatic failure may progress to hepatic encephalopathy about how many weeks after disease onset?

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14. Hepatocellular dysfunction results in all of the following except:

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15. This hepatitis virus caused by contaminated needles shared by drug users is expected to increase fourfold by 2015. This type of hepatitis, which is also the most common cause for liver transplantation, is:

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16. Hepatic lobectomy for cancer can be successful when the primary site is localized. Because of the regenerative capacity of the liver, a surgeon can remove up to what percentage of liver tissue?

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17. Acetaminophen, found in over-the-counter (OTC) drugs, is the leading cause of acute liver failure. A popular drug containing acetaminophen is:

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18. Bleeding esophageal varices result in a decrease in:

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19. Late symptoms of hepatic cirrhosis include all of the following except:

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20. The hepatitis virus that is transmitted via the fecal-oral route is:

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21. The main function of bile salts is:

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22. A person who consumes contaminated shellfish would probably develop:

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23. The substance necessary for the manufacture of bile salts by hepatocytes is:

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24. The nurse expects that the diuretic of choice for a patient with ascites would be:

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25. The most common single cause of death in patients with cirrhosis is:

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26. Jaundice becomes evident when serum bilirubin levels exceed:

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27. The liver plays a major role in glucose metabolism by:

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28. An indicator of probable esophageal varices is:

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29. The liver converts ammonia to urea. What level of ammonia would suggest liver failure?

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30. Cirrhosis results in shunting of portal system blood into collateral blood vessels in the gastrointestinal tract. The most common site is:

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